Can Abortion Cause Infertility?

Can Abortion Cause Infertility?


Having an abortion does not typically cause infertility. Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after trying for a certain amount of time. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, hormonal imbalances, certain medical conditions, and lifestyle factors.

While having an abortion can carry certain risks, including complications during the procedure or infection. It does not typically result in infertility. In fact, most women who have had abortions are able to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term in the future.

However, it is important to note that certain types of abortion procedures, such as those that require instruments to be inserted into the uterus, can carry a small risk of damage to the uterus or cervix. In rare cases, this type of damage can result in infertility. This is why it’s important to receive care from a trained and qualified provider, who will take measures to minimize the risks of complications.

This article will explore different types of abortions, future fertility. And what to do if you’re having difficulty getting pregnant after abortion.

What complications are possible after an abortion?

Abortions can carry certain risks and potential complications, although the specific risks and likelihood of complications will depend on the type of abortion. That being performed and the individual woman’s health. Some possible complications associated with induced abortions include:


Some light bleeding or spotting is normal after an abortion. But heavy bleeding or prolonged bleeding is a concern and may be a sign of infection or other complications.


Any medical procedure that involves the uterus carries a risk of infection, and an abortion is no exception. Symptoms of infection include fever, chills, heavy bleeding, and abdominal pain.

Damage to the cervix:

During a surgical abortion, there is a small risk of damage to the cervix, which can result in pain, bleeding, or difficulty conceiving in the future.

Incomplete abortion:

In some cases, an abortion may not be successful in ending the pregnancy, and some tissue may be left behind in the uterus. This can lead to bleeding, pain, and the need for additional treatment.

Adverse reactions to anesthesia:

If general anesthesia is used during a surgical abortion, there is a risk of adverse reactions, including nausea, vomiting, headaches, and low blood pressure.


In rare cases, scarring in the uterus can occur after an abortion, a condition called Asherman syndrome. This can result in infertility, pain during menstruation, or recurrent miscarriages.

It is important to note that serious complications from induced abortions are rare, and the majority of women who have abortions do not experience any significant problems. However, it is always important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of any medical procedure with your doctor, and to follow their recommendations for care after an abortion to minimize the risk of complications.

Types of Abortions

There are several types of abortions, including:

  1. Medical abortion: This type of abortion uses medication to end a pregnancy. Medical professionals typically use mifepristone as the most common medication for medical abortion. Patients take it orally, followed by misoprostol, which they take either orally or vaginally. They can perform medical abortions up to 10 weeks after the last menstrual period.
  2. Surgical abortion: This type of abortion involves a procedure to remove the pregnancy from the uterus. Medical professionals perform two main types of surgical abortions: vacuum aspiration up to 14 weeks after the last menstrual period and dilation and curettage (D&C) up to 16 weeks after the last menstrual period. In some cases, patients undergo surgical abortions under general anesthesia.
  3. Aspiration abortion: A manual vacuum aspirator performs this type of surgical abortion. Medical professionals usually perform aspiration abortions up to 14 weeks after the last menstrual period.
  4. Dilation and evacuation (D&E) abortion: A qualified medical professional performs this type of surgical abortion after 14 weeks of pregnancy by dilating the cervix and using instruments to remove the pregnancy from the uterus.
  5. Induction abortion: In an induction abortion, a medical professional induces labor to end a pregnancy after 20 weeks. This procedure typically takes place in a hospital and may be more complex than other forms of abortion.

It is important to discuss the various options with a healthcare provider to determine which type of abortion is best for you based on factors such as the length of the pregnancy and your personal preferences. The choice of the type of abortion will also depend on the laws and regulations of the state you are in, as some types of abortions may not be legally available in all locations.

How to avoid the consequences of an abortion?

There is no guaranteed way to avoid the consequences of an abortion, as every woman’s body is different and may react differently to the procedure. However, there are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of experiencing negative consequences from an abortion, including:

Choosing a reputable provider: It is important to choose a qualified, experienced healthcare provider for your abortion. They can help ensure the procedure is performed safely and minimize the risk of complications.

Following aftercare instructions: Be sure to follow all aftercare instructions provided by your healthcare provider to reduce the risk of infection and other complications.

Monitoring your health: If you experience any symptoms of infection or other complications after an abortion, seek medical attention immediately.

Seeking support: Dealing with the physical and emotional effects of an abortion can be challenging, and it is important to seek support from family, friends, or a mental health professional.

Considering all options: If you are considering an abortion, it is important to consider all of your options, including carrying the pregnancy to term, adoption, and other alternatives.

Treatment of infertility after an abortion

If a woman became infertile after an abortion, this problem can be solved by seeking medical help in time. The treatment for infertility after an abortion will depend on the underlying cause of the infertility. Here are some of the most common treatments:

Hormonal therapy: Your doctor may recommend hormonal therapy to regulate your menstrual cycle and promote ovulation if hormonal imbalances cause infertility.

Surgery:In cases of Asherman syndrome, a doctor may require surgery to remove the scar tissue from the uterus and restore normal fertility.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART): ART, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), may be recommended if other treatments are not effective. ART involves fertilizing an egg with sperm in a laboratory and then transferring the fertilized egg to the uterus.

Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as reducing stress, maintaining a healthy diet and weight, and quitting smoking, can improve fertility and increase the chances of conception.

Support: A mental health professional may recommend support to assist women in managing the emotional and psychological impact of infertility.


What are the potential complications of an abortion procedure?

Potential complications of an abortion procedure include infection, heavy bleeding, damage to reproductive organs, ongoing pain, and emotional distress. In rare cases, complications can lead to infertility or life-threatening conditions.

Can having multiple abortions increase the risk of infertility?

Multiple abortions may increase the risk of infertility in some cases. Complications during an abortion procedure, such as damage to the cervix or uterus, can increase the risk of infertility. However, with proper medical care and attention, the risk of infertility can be minimized.

What are the long-term effects of having an abortion on reproductive health?

The long-term effects of having an abortion on reproductive health can vary. Some women may experience no significant health issues, while others may experience complications such as infection, heavy bleeding, ongoing pain, or damage to reproductive organs. The risk of these complications can be minimized with proper medical care and attention.

What are the alternatives to surgical and medical abortions for women who want to end a pregnancy?

Hormonal changes after an abortion can impact future fertility in some cases. Hormonal imbalances or damage to reproductive organs during an abortion procedure can lead to infertility. However, proper medical care and attention can minimize the risk of these complications.

Is there a relationship between having an abortion and infertility?

Having an abortion does not necessarily lead to infertility, however certain abortion procedures can increase the risk of infertility if they cause damage to the reproductive organs.

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